European Parliament Election 2019: Social Enterprise & UN SDGs

Ahead of the European Parliament elections in Ireland on May 24th, we asked the election candidates their opinions on two matters relevant to Enactus:

  • social enterprise development and supports

  • the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Their answers are below. Regardless of your political beliefs, one way to enact social change is to vote. So, do your research and make your way to your polling station to vote in the European and Local Elections on May 24th.

[DISCLAIMER: Enactus Ireland is not affiliated with any political party or candidate running in this election. Enactus Ireland does not agree or disagree with any point made in this post, nor does Enactus Ireland agree nor disagree with any other policy the candidates have. Enactus Ireland did not edit any of the responses received. A list of candidates who did not reply or were not contactable can be found at the end of this post. If a candidate wishes to have their views added to this post, please contact us.]

DUBLIN CONSTITUENCY

LYNN BOYLAN MEP - SINN FÉIN

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

In order to build a viable people's economy, the value of social enterprises must be appreciated by the government. These enterprises create economic profit with a social dividend and are essential for encouraging community entrepreneurship, particularly in disadvantaged areas.

 We want the Irish government to include meaningful social clauses in public procurement, which can provide an advantage for the SSE, which in turn will provide benefits for the community. Credit Unions, institutions that survived against all odds in the past number of years, are still prevented from helping local people due to overwrought government restrictions on lending.

 Worker Co-operatives also have the potential to bring greater balance to our domestic economy - presently dominated by Foreign Direct Investment - giving workers the statutory right to own and run their own democratic workplaces and giving communities the choice to buy from, support and develop their local economy.

 Earlier this year, Sinn Féin launched our Worker Co-operative document, calling for these co-operatives to become a pillar of our indigenous economy and to see the sector provided with dedicated, legal and institutional support.

The creation of worker's co-operatives would have undoubtedly saved lot of local businesses that were decimated in the recession.

 In July 2015 I also hosted a successful seminar on a social and solidarity economy in Liberty Hall, Dublin, and at the European Forum on Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) in 2016 I launched a campaign calling on the European Commission to designate 2018 the European year of the social solidarity economy.

 Through this campaign I urged the European Commission to advance its commitment to the SSE by assisting Member States to provide assistance to these types of organisation by providing access to finance, raising awareness and through public procurement policies. While this campaign helped to raise the profile of the SSE, more work remains to ensure adequate support is given.

 At the European level, I also contributed to a report on the social and solidarity economy in the European Parliament, and will continue to support appropriate levels of funding for the Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI) programme, a financing instrument at EU level to promote a high level of quality and sustainable employment, guaranteeing adequate and decent social protection, combating social exclusion and poverty and improving working conditions.

 Sinn Féin wants to see a sustainable economy, not driven by profit, but maintained by secure jobs and broad benefits shared by greater society. Building a people's economy is an essential part to creating and implementing a fair recovery in this State, and I will do whatever I can to support these social enterprises.

 What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

The United National Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) give us the skeleton of a rights-based society, championing socio-economic rights such as the right to water and right to renewable energy. We need the EU to enshrine and uphold these rights, so that our legislation is socially fair and environmentally sound, and I will fight to ensure that all of these rights are recognised and implemented.

In terms of urgency, and the work that I do in the European Parliament, combatting climate change and achieving climate justice is obviously a priority, but all of the 17 SDGs are intertwined and interdependent, so it is impossible to identify one separate from the others.

In my work as MEP, for example, I have worked on achieving goals such as genuine and equitable climate action, access to clean water and sanitation, and affordable, clean energy; on combatting poverty, hunger and inequality; promoting quality work rights and conditions, innovation, and peace and justice.

I want to radically change the EU, to make it work for the people and the planet and to be a progressive platform for international cooperation. For too long, the EU has been an institution that protects profits, increases militarisation, and allows big business interests to rule. But we can make the EU work – it needs a rights-based framework based on these SDGs.

Many of these goals intersect in the same piece of legislation, or in the same project or issue. All of my policies, and those of Sinn Féin, are intended to advance these goals, and help in the creation of a socially just, more equal, sustainable and prosperous society for all.

CIARÁN CUFFE - GREEN PARTY

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland? 

I would work to ensure that social enterprises and social enterprise development were mainstreamed within the National Development Plan.

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

I identify most with No. 13, Climate Action. There is so much the Irish Government could do to incentivise low-carbon action in transport, housing and other areas.

SENATOR ALICE MARY HIGGINS - INDEPENDENT

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

As an M.E.P., Alice Mary would push for the acceptance of the European Commission's social enterprise parameters to broaden the Irish definition of social enterprise to ensure that all such enterprises can access supports in line with EU standards. She would also support implementing the recommendations of the European Commission to create 'a level playing field' for all start-up enterprises, whether social or private, to have equal opportunity to apply for funding and access other support mechanisms.

Alice Mary would encourage the establishment of a social enterprise network through supporting the current voluntary network tin becoming a permanent, full-time organisation. She would seek out the best practices in EU jurisdictions which have effective social enterprise policies and environments and support their introduction to Ireland.

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

Alice Mary supports all of the Sustainable Development Goals and believes that the power of the SDGs lies in their centring of joined-up thinking – this is the approach she has always taken in her work in the Seanad; bringing together issues of equality, environment and economy. However Goal 11, on sustainable cities and communities, is one she's particularly interested in because it allows us to think about what all the other SDGs might mean in the development of Dublin in the future.

Over the next five years, the EU needs to prioritise investment and funding for public services and social, sustainable infrastructure and Dublin can and should do better at accessing those resources.

A sustainable city is also about giving families the security and supports they need to plan their lives and put down roots. Community centres, cultural spaces, small businesses and families are being pushed out by escalating property costs. We need to clamp down on tax incentives which encourage speculators and to join with others across Europe who are pushing for more secure rent and social housing. Ireland also has much to learn from other European countries in terms of quality childcare and early years.

If elected, Alice Mary will work to:

  • Support EU investment in public services and social, accessible, sustainable infrastructure

  • Push for redirection of EU Ten-T transport funding into public transport & cycling

  • Highlight Sustainable Development Goal 11: Cities and Communities

  • Support Dublin City applications to EU funds

  • Promote action on Dublin’s commitments under UN “Safer Cities for Women and Girls’ and implementation of the Istanbul Convention

  • Oppose any Directive to move ‘non-performing loans’ into secondary or vulture market

CLLR ÉILIS RYAN - THE WORKERS’ PARTY

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland? 

[No answer provided]

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

I am a development worker and I am broadly supportive of the SDGs, but strongly critical of the involvement in the private sector in them, which I see as a very worrying development. We have included development policy in our election manifesto.

MARK DURKAN - FINE GAEL

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland? 

As a former Minister and MP, I have worked in support of social enterprises in terms of funding and policy frameworks. In the European Parliament, I would work to ensure that the social Europe agenda would encourage and track support for social enterprises including in respect of public procurement. The policy thinking behind the commissions 'Think Small' approach should be extended to third sector enterprises
What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

On the SDGs, I was a founding member of the All Part Parliamentary Group dedicated to these in the House of Commons. Given they are meant to be universal goals and, like so many others I have cautioned against cherry picking, I am now reluctant to name a single favourite. I led a debate in Westminster to highlight issues in relation to goal 5 in response to NGO suggestions at that particular time.

MIDLANDS NORTH WEST CONSTITUENCY

BRENDAN SMITH TD - FIANNA FÁIL

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland? 
A February 2019 European Parliament report on Sustainable Development goals and strategies observed that "Ireland was once an early mover and was among the first countries in Europe to adopt a Sustainable Development Strategy in 1997." But it then goes on to say that we in Ireland is now "somewhat the opposite" saying that Ireland "...jumped on the wagon late... to prevent to be among the very last". I would use my office to help push for a greater mainstreaming in Ireland of both the implementation and the development of a better framework for a whole-of-society approach to SDG implementation. This is what I have done as Chair of the Foreign Affairs committee by offering a platform to NGOs and stakeholders to highlight the need for both. I would continue that approach as an MEP and offer an open door to Irish social enterprises and NGOs to showcase what they are doing and how they can be supported. I would also use the Commission appointment process later in 2019 to press the incoming European Commission and individual Commissioners on how they will advance the 2030 Agenda across Europe.

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?
Asking to align with one is a near impossible tasks. Many of the 17 goals are interconnected, for example poverty, zero hunger and inequality and education all connect and influence each other. So, if forced to pick, I would probably align with Goal #13 on Climate Action as it influences and affects so many other goals. It is the goal that also shows how the economic, social and environmental elements combine to affect sustainable development. It is also the SDG with which people are now demanding action as they see failure to act as having the capacity to devastate the hopes and ambitions of the next generation . The specific policies we have to support EU Climate Change targets include:

• Putting climate change at the heart of each EU institution’s mandate 
• Launching a new EU Climate Bank to finance carbon transition projects
• Establishing a Just Transition Fund 
• Launching an EU wide circular economy to create new job opportunities
• Carbon cost EU Policy
• Expanding ECB powers to publish financial institutions climate change exposure 
Fianna Fáil is part of the Alde group in the European Parliament: ALDE was a driving force in strengthening the system for national greenhouse gas emission reductions to meet the EU’s target under the Paris Agreement and it steered the legislation that determines the binding national 2030 climate targets through Parliament and introduced changes to make sure that the Member States’ annual emissions ceilings are set in a way that does not overshoot the EU’s ‘carbon budget’. 


PATRICK GREENE - DIRECT DEMOCRACY IRELAND

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

The funding of local projects presently is going to come from EU funding. If elected as an MEP, I would attend any EU committee that offers funding for these projects. Long term, the revenue from our massive oil and gas resources needs to be taxed so that we as a nation can fund ourselves without constraint, only through innovation followed with R+D will we, as a nation, develop would leading industries.

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

Sustainable Afforestation and agriculture, I have no formal policies, but I would listen to the peoples needs and develop systems with their help by extending all scientific and financial help required to collaborate with them and not dictate from an office in Brussels. A physical presence on the ground listening to the peoples needs and not the corporations wants.

CYRIL BRENNAN - SOLIDARITY/ PEOPLE BEFORE PROFIT

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

We have many social enterprises in Ireland, which I feel are unnoticed, such as the not for profit organisation supporting our current homelessness and housing crisis, as well as providing services in Mental health we're the state has failed to fund services, social enterprise have been at the forefront of bringing change, not political policy. We need greater support for social enterprise when accessing credit, and also greater supports within LEO offices to support the change social enterprise can achieve. 


What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?
As I work in Healthcare Goal 3 is one I recognise with, I feel Ireland has made advancements in policies, with Sláintecare, yet its failure to implement it will see our health service decline further. 

DR FIDELMA HEALY EAMES - INDEPENDENT

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

By promoting Social Enterprises and outlining the benefits for individuals and communities. I previously did this in the Seanad by convening a public consultation day on the subject and achieved the support of other Senators in the process.. 

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

All of the goals are very important. The one I align with most is Quality Education because of my background as an educator and that ultimately I see education as a changemaker and the route out of poverty.  ‘Literacy for all’ is a policy to advance this goal. I have previously ran a campaign to convince world leaders to get more girls into school. 

PETER CASEY - INDEPENDENT

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

 Companies which set up in rural Ireland’s towns and villages should be tax free for the first two years and capital gains tax free if the businesses are sold within 15 years. A co-ownership scheme for new build homes in rural Ireland should be introduced. This would be similar to the GI bill introduced in the USA after World War II. The government would provide 50% low-interest loans to qualified borrowers as long as they purchase new build homes in rural Ireland. This would be a big boost for the local building industry in rural Ireland. The National Broadband Plan is not working. To make rural Ireland a viable place in which to live and do business, we must roll out 5G in every county.

 What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

I align with all the UN Sustainable Development Goals and appreciate all the work you do. We're facing an international emergency crisis with regards to Climate change and Ireland should be leading the way on banning plastic bottles. As your MEP, I will ensure that Ireland takes action and bans single use plastics. I am calling on drinks companies to return to the use of glass or to embrace biodegradable bottles. I believe it is a solvable problem and wouldn't it be great if Ireland was the one to lead the way?

SOUTH CONSTITUENCY

DEIRDRE CLUNE MEP - FINE GAEL

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

 I think social enterprises are essential in our societies and help us all to achieve wider social, environmental or community objectives. I think it is very important we create the right environment for these enterprises so that they are on an equal footing with other types of enterprises in the same sector and can fulfil their potential.

 In the European Parliament, we adopted a resolution in July 2018 that calls on the Commission to introduce at Union level a European Social Economy Label to be awarded to enterprises based on the social economy and solidarity based on clear criteria designed to highlight the specific characteristics of such undertakings and  their social impact, increase their visibility, encourage investment, facilitate access to funding and to the single market for those willing to expand nationally. We called for the establishment of a mechanism of certification and of supervision and monitoring of the legal label with the involvement of Member States and representatives of the social economy. We called for this label to be recognised in each member state and for the Commission to establish guidelines regarding good practices for social and solidarity-based enterprises in Europe. If elected, I will continue to advocate on the issue and push the Commission to take more action in the area of solidarity based enterprises.

 In my own work, I was the rapporteur for the Employment and Social affairs committee for the solidarity corps, a new European Union initiative which creates opportunities for young people to volunteer or work in projects in their own country or abroad that benefit communities and people around Europe. This would involve thousands of young people undertaking solidarity related projects in many organisations, including social enterprises. This programme is something I will continue to advocate for.

 What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal? (SDG information here)

SDG 13, climate action, is particularly important I believe and has never been more relevant. For me, climate change is one of the biggest challenges we are facing. Europe has long been committed to the environment, introducing its first joint program back in 1972 and in 2015, the EU took the lead in negotiating the Paris climate agreement, and committed to cutting its own greenhouse-gas emissions by 40% from 1990 levels. But these actions alone are not enough to tackle the scale of the problem facing us.

 For the past five years I was a member of the transport committee in the European Parliament and during this time we passed many new measures aimed to accelerate clean energy innovation, increase investment in the infrastructure we need for an energy transition and also by setting ambitious new CO2 reduction standards for new cars, vans and trucks and if re-elected I will continue to work hard to develop new policies and legislation to tackle climate change.

 Looking ahead, I believe that Europe must become a carbon-neutral economy by 2050. That means big investment in future mobility, more energy-efficient buildings, and renewables, and more investment in key technologies such as hydrogen batteries, new generations of solar panels, and green chemistry. We can also apply strict CO2 emission limits for transport. We must do much more to protect biodiversity and help support the agricultural sector to do so. We must have a more responsible use of resources and become a truly circular economy that minimizes waste.  These are all policy actions that I believe we must take over the course of the next parliament and are all areas where I have and will continue to contribute towards and advocate for actions to be taken at the national level too.

SEÁN KELLY MEP - FINE GAEL

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

Recently I finalised the EU's new €650 billion Investment Plan, known as the InvestEU Programme. Within this programme I have secured important supports for social enterprises with a significant proportion of the Eu guarantee ringfenced to support social projects, alongside sustainable infrastructure, SMEs and research and innovation. My priority if re-elected is to ensure as many Irish applicants as possible benefit from this significant support.

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

All SDGs are vitally important and so I cannot say I align with one more than another. In term of my own achievement in Parliament, Climate Action is perhaps the one most relevant to my work. I have represented Parliament at three UNFCCC conferences- COP24 in Katowice, COP22 in Marrakech and the historic COP21 in Paris where we finalised the all-important Paris Agreement. Since then, I have delivered the EU's 32% renewable energy target, and put in place important financing frameworks that will help decarbonise the economy. The next big challenge is to ensure a fair or 'just' transition to a low carbon economy which leaves no citizen or worker behind. If returned to parliament I will work to secure an EU Just Transition Strategy, along with a €5bn Just Transition Fund included in the next Multiannual Financial Framework.

ANDREW DOYLE TD - FINE GAEL

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

 The onus is on policymakers to consider the negative impact of any new legislation or regulation which may create a burden on any new enterprise through stakeholder engagement and other mechanisms. Decisions taken in Brussels must not block, but facilitate the growth of our social enterprises.

 There are programmes which support social enterprise at EU level, both through funding and through learning – but frequently business owners say the process of application is too bureaucratic. If elected I will work to reduce these barriers by cutting some of the outdated rules and regulations. We should be using more online digital tools to aid this process. Legislation needs to be modernised too, so Irish businesses are ready for technological changes coming down the tracks. 

 What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

 The EU is collectively the biggest donor for international aid in the world, providing over € 50 billion a year to help overcoming poverty and advance global development. This level must be maintained, particularly as the UK will now not be contributing to this fund.

Ireland has been invited by the United Nations to take a leadership role in delivering the ‘Great Green Wall’, a project to plant a million trees as part of the re-greening of one of Africa’s most parched regions. A €1.2m Government investment is expected to kick start this and I fully support this project. As a farmer, I’m acutely aware of the importance of our environment and how we manage it for future generations. Reforestation’s benefits are vast – it reduces carbon dioxide levels, it maintains the water cycle, it prevents soil erosion – and alongside all the environmental benefits there are economic benefits too, as it creates employment.

BILLY KELLEHER TD - FIANNA FÁIL

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

Social Enterprise is an innovative way of using business acumen to achieve broader social goals. It already empowers some 30,000 people across the country through 1,400 enterprises. With the right state support and framework the area has immense potential to grow and expand employment numbers while tackling a wide variety of social issues.

In our 2016 GE manifesto we set out our policy to extend the role of Local Enterprise Offices to support Social Enterprise Initiatives, expand CSO surveys to encompass social enterprise activity, move social enterprise clearly under the remit of the Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation, establish social enterprise-specific training courses and broaden out finance guarantees to assist the attraction of investment

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are important in their own right and in my view the goals should not be viewed in isolation from each other. The goals are inter-dependent and it is imperative that progress is achieved across the board and in each of the 17 areas. A silo-based approach to the SDG's will not yield the results that we need. Eradicating hunger and poverty cannot for example be isolated from climate change and responsible consumption.

All countries have a shared responsibility to put into practice initiatives and policies that will make the goals a lived reality.

Fianna Fáil has a range of initiatives to help achieving the SDGs including launching a new EU climate bank to finance carbon transition projects; subjecting each individual EU policy to a rigorous carbon costs analysis; linking EU funding in member states to equality of treatment for LGBTQI and minority groups; introducing EU election gender quotas to improve gender equality and linking EU funding to upholding the rule of law in each member state to promote peace, justice and strong institutions. These are just some of the initiatives that Fianna Fáil is proposing and if I am elected as an MEP I will work to put these initiatives into practice.

SHEILA NUNAN - LABOUR

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

I will support the development of social innovation here in Ireland and across the European economy, and provide new opportunities for co-operatives, social enterprises and non-profit organisations to promote new solutions to meet people’s needs. I will seek increased EU support and funding from the EIB for start-ups, SMEs, community organisations, and municipal authorities that seek to resolve social problems. I will seek supports for structures that facilitate greater co-operation between public authorities and private organisations seeking to resolve social problems, including incubators and innovation hubs operating at local level in my Ireland South constituency. 
What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

Reduced Inequalities. 
European policy making has been dominated by right-wing national governments for far too long. While they bicker about foreign policy and trade agreements, social policies are falling by the wayside. It’s time for a change. We need to reduce inequalities, strengthen workers’ rights and solve our homelessness crisis once and for all. In an increasingly unpredictable Europe, we need strong Labour values at the centre of EU decision making. A renewed focus on a social Europe is why I’m running. I’ll spend the next five years focusing on the issues which affect those living in Ireland South.

CLLR BREDA GARDNER - INDEPENDENT

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

[No answer given]

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

The three key focus areas for my manifesto are health, housing and the environment.  

Apologies that I cannot devote more time to give you more in-depth answers to your questions, but as an independent, I do not have the backup or resouces of the big parties.  That said, I do have a big heart, and during my time as Kilkenny's only elected independent councillor, I have developed a reputation for doing the right thing, so I am supportive of your aims. I believe that there is far more scope for organisations like Enactus to tap into more Leader / EU funding, for example.

LIADH NÍ RIADA MEP - SINN FÉIN

If elected, how do you plan to support Irish social enterprises and social enterprise development in Ireland?

If re-elected I will endeavour to ensure the EU creates a favourable financial, administrative and legal environment for these enterprises so that they can operate on an equal footing with other types of enterprises in the same sector.

What UN Sustainable Development Goal do you align with most and why? Do you have any policies to advance your chosen goal?

The Sustainable Development Goal I most closely align with is the ending of poverty. I believe ending poverty is a moral imperative and fundamental to achieving all of the development goals. 

In terms of poverty eradication within the EU we need radical reform in how the economy works and who it works for. Simply focusing on increasing growth is not sufficient, particularly in the face of environmental collapse. Inequality needs to be addressed and this requires wealth distribution through effective, progressive taxation and public services.

Poverty in the Global South can only be addressed by the West recognizing the role it playing in the exploitation of the Global South. Examples of this would be structural imbalances that create unequal exchange, extortionate costs related to servicing debt, facilitating illicit capital flight, etc. We must first recognise how poverty is created before we can hope to fix it.

Candidates contacted with no response:

Dublin

  • Frances Fitzgerald TD (Fine Gael)

  • Barry Andrews (Fianna Fáil)

  • Alex White (Labour)

  • Clare Daly TD (Independents4Change)

  • Gary Gannon (Social Democrats, Dublin City councillor)

  • Gillian Brien (Solidarity/People Before Profit)

  • Rita Harrold (Solidarity/People Before Profit)

  • Hermann Kelly (Independent)

  • Gemma O’Doherty (Independent, campaigner)

  • Ben Gilroy (Independent, anti-eviction activist)

Midlands North West

  • Mairead McGuinness MEP (Fine Gael)

  • Maria Walsh (Fine Gael)

  • Anne Rabbitte TD (Fianna Fáil)

  • Matt Carthy MEP (Sinn Féin)

  • Dominic Hannigan (Labour)

  • Saoirse McHugh (Green Party)

  • Luke ‘Ming’ Flanagan MEP ( Independent)

  • Olive O’Connor (Independent, health advocate)

South

  • Malcolm Byrne (Fianna Fáil, Wexford county councillor)

  • Mick Wallace TD (Independents4Change)

  • Adrienne Wallace (Solidarity/People Before Profit)

  • Jan Van de Ven (Direct Democracy Ireland)

  • Diarmuid O’Flynn (Independent)

  • Dolores Cahill (Independent/Irexit Freedom to Prosper)

Candidates - contact details unavailable:

Dublin

  • Eamon Murphy (Independent)

  • Aisling McNiffe (Independent, carer)

  • Mark Mullan (Independent, humanitarian aid worker)

  • Tony Bosco Lowth (Independent, gardener and social entrepreneur)

Midlands North West

  • Dilip Mahapatra (Independent, doctor)

  • James Miller (Independent)

  • Diarmaid Mulcahy (Independent, business advisor)

South

  • Peter O’Loughlin (Identity Ireland)

  • Liam Minehan (Independent, farmer)

  • Walter Ryan Purcell (Independent, tour operator)

  • Theresa Heaney (Independent, homemaker)

  • Paddy Fitzgerald (Independent, retired farmer)

  • Maurice Sexton (Independent, scientist)

  • Allan Brennan (Independent, project manager)

  • Colleen Worthington (Independent, homemaker)

  • Peter Madden (Independent, environmental educator)

Liam Redmond